The purpose of coaching here is to foster quality and improve the achievements that have been owned by players or who already exist in the player with the player’s category was able to play badminton. For this it is necessary to schedule a time division in guidance badminton games. Basically coaching and improvement of achievement depends entirely on the exercise factor that is held. Because without the exercise factor, coaching and improvement of achievement is useless. Exercise factors here can not be separated from the timing that is used in coaching. The timing should be established first, when the exercise is held and how long the exercise lasts and what factors need to get the exercise.
With the provision of practice time, here can also be referred to as a period or period of practice. The training period, absolutely necessary in the quality coaching program and improvement of achievement. Fostering optimal performance improvements can not be achieved in the near or short term as well as physical, technical, and mental coaching, skills or capacity improvements can only be achieved through long-term, systematic, regular, and sustainable training programs. In relation to this problem, the exercises should be divided according to the period or period of practice. The training period can be divided into 5 sections:
1. Preliminary Season
In this period players are prepared physically, to deal with strenuous training. Here the exercise is emphasized for the formation of strength, flexibility, endurance. Besides that also the formation of motion, attitude and good movement skills.
2. Early Season
This period is widely used to improve techniques and improvements of motion. Also during this period the exercise has been altered from the element skill or the part-of-part learning ability into a whole-movement exercise form or the movement of moves as a whole and is already a form of joint exercise movement. During this period the test and friendship trials have begun to be tested or held so that the ability of players can be monitored to where the capabilities that have been owned and the lack of what is still owned players.
3. Mid Season
In this period players have been predicted to be in good physical condition and technical skills have been mastered so that at this time that needs to get attention is to provide exercises aimed at improving tactics, game strategy and the development of individual skills such as sharpening or maturing typical blows owned by players. In addition, it is also needed to develop about the maturity of thinking critically, creatively, patiently and tenacious, so the maturity of this thinking will be brought in a decisive big game.
4. Late Season
In this period the player is in the highest level of condition, both about physical ability, technique, tactics / strategy, mental and maturity champion. At this time the player is ready to go to the arena game. it is important to notice here to avoid excessive training or excessive coaching / coaching and is not justified to change the techniques and habits of players that have been owned.
5. Post Season
This period has a long time, where the matches are over. This period should be used to analyze, and assess the mistakes that have been made by the players in the past game. The forms of judgment and analysis provided can include playing a video, viewing a recording photo, being invited to discuss and correcting any shortcomings and advantages for both yourself and the opposing player regarding technical errors, tactics and strategies that occur during the game. At this time the exercises continue to run as usual with a different portion of continuous light training is done with a good awake. So here the term active period rest or rest actively. The exercises given at this time can be in the form of playing soccer, basketball and others that have nothing to do directly with badminton games. Besides cross country, hiking, and other sports in an effort to maintain condition and saturation for the players.